Bloodroot is a native perennial that grows from a thick rhizome that sends up a solitary white flower followed by a solitary leaf. Plants grow in rich woodland soil and are seldom taller than 15 cm.
Origin of the Name: Sanguinaria, L. sanguis, blood; -aria, pertaining to; canadensis, Canadian
Range: Nova Scotia to Manitoba, s. to FL, OK
WI Range: Statewide
Common associates: Sugar maple, white ash, trout lily
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU-
Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 6 (S&W), C = 5 (MI))
blooms in early spring before the trees leaf out.
Flowers are white, 2 to 5 cm wide, with 8 to 12 petals. Usually 4 petals are longer than the others, so the flower appears square from above (as in the upper right corner). Petals drop soon after the flowers open and many seeds form in a capsule.
Bloodroot leaves are round in outline but palmately lobed with a coarse dull surface.
The roots have a clear red-orange juice characteristic of the family